William Hogarth (1697–1764)
After Raphael, (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (1483–1520)
Four Heads from the Raphael Cartoons at Hampton Court
Etching and aquatint, second state of two, May 14, 1781, 8 7/16 x 13 15/16 in.
Gift of George Way
Framing by the Noble Maritime Collection

William Hogarth (1697–1764) is an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satiristsocial critic, and editorial cartoonist.  His work ranges from realistic portraiture topictures he called “modern moral subjects,” such as A Harlot's ProgressA Rake's Progress and Marriage A-la-Mode.  Born in London to a poor family, he started his career as an apprentice engraver, and his family hardships are thought to have contributed to his subjects and perspective.   One of the most significant English artists of his generation, his works are mostly caricatures that became widely popular and mass-produced as prints.  They are in museum collections worldwide.