Born in London, Alfred Rudolph Waud (1828-91) intended to become a marine painter, but after he emigrated to the Unites States, he took up illustration. In 1860, he became an illustrator for the New York Illustrated News and was assigned to cover the Army of the Potomac. Throughout the Civil War he traveled to battlefields where he did detailed sketches, which were rushed by courier back to the main office of the newspaper for which he worked. He joined the staff of Harper's Weekly in 1861, continued to cover the war, and attended every battle the Army of the Potomac fought from the Battle of Bull Run in 1861 to the Siege of Petersburg in 1865. He was one of only two artists present at the Battle of Gettysburg. Waud continued to be a prolific illustrator for Harper's Weekly and other prominent publications, and died in 1891 while touring the battlefields of the South.
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